Q1: What is the primary purpose of a retaining wall?
- To provide seating in public spaces
- To resist the lateral pressure of soil
- To enhance the aesthetic appeal of a structure
- To support overhead electrical cables
Ans : To resist the lateral pressure of soil
Q2: What is the role of aggregates in concrete?
- To provide color to the concrete
- To increase the workability of concrete
- To resist compressive forces
- To enhance the durability of concrete
Ans : To resist compressive forces
Q3: Which of the following materials is commonly used as a pozzolan in concrete?
- Fly ash
- Crushed stone
Ans : Fly ash
Q4: What is the purpose of a geotechnical investigation?
- To determine the cost of construction
- To assess the structural integrity of a building
- To evaluate the properties of soil and rock at a construction site
- To design architectural features
Ans : To evaluate the properties of soil and rock at a construction site
Q5: In structural engineering, what does the term “dead load” refer to?
- The weight of permanent structures
- The weight of moving loads
- The weight of construction materials
- The weight of live loads
Ans : The weight of permanent structures
Q6: Which type of foundation is suitable for areas with expansive soils?
- Shallow foundation
- Mat foundation
- Pile foundation
- Strip foundation
Ans : Pile foundation
Q7: What is the purpose of a slump test in concrete construction?
- To measure the compressive strength of concrete
- To assess the workability of fresh concrete
- To determine the water-cement ratio
- To check the curing time of concrete
Ans : To assess the workability of fresh concrete
Q8: Which material is commonly used for waterproofing in basements and foundations?
Ans : Bitumen
Q9: What is the main function of a truss in structural engineering?
- To provide lateral stability
- To support roof loads
- To resist vertical loads
- To enhance aesthetics
Ans : To resist vertical loads
Q10: What is the purpose of a shear wall in a building structure?
- To resist lateral loads such as wind or earthquake forces
- To provide insulation
- To enhance natural lighting
- To support the roof
Ans : To resist lateral loads such as wind or earthquake forces