Basic Civil Engineering questions & answers

This MCQ Civil Engineering is useful for those who are studying Civil Engineering or those who are going to appear for the competitive exam. each MCQ Question has correct answer.

Q1: What is the primary purpose of a retaining wall?

  • To provide seating in public spaces
  • To resist the lateral pressure of soil
  • To enhance the aesthetic appeal of a structure
  • To support overhead electrical cables

Ans : To resist the lateral pressure of soil

Q2: What is the role of aggregates in concrete?

  • To provide color to the concrete
  • To increase the workability of concrete
  • To resist compressive forces
  • To enhance the durability of concrete

Ans : To resist compressive forces

Q3: Which of the following materials is commonly used as a pozzolan in concrete?

  • Sand
  • Fly ash
  • Gravel
  • Crushed stone

Ans : Fly ash

Q4: What is the purpose of a geotechnical investigation?

  • To determine the cost of construction
  • To assess the structural integrity of a building
  • To evaluate the properties of soil and rock at a construction site
  • To design architectural features

Ans : To evaluate the properties of soil and rock at a construction site

Q5: In structural engineering, what does the term “dead load” refer to?

  • The weight of permanent structures
  • The weight of moving loads
  • The weight of construction materials
  • The weight of live loads

Ans : The weight of permanent structures

Q6: Which type of foundation is suitable for areas with expansive soils?

  • Shallow foundation
  • Mat foundation
  • Pile foundation
  • Strip foundation

Ans : Pile foundation

Q7: What is the purpose of a slump test in concrete construction?

  • To measure the compressive strength of concrete
  • To assess the workability of fresh concrete
  • To determine the water-cement ratio
  • To check the curing time of concrete

Ans : To assess the workability of fresh concrete

Q8: Which material is commonly used for waterproofing in basements and foundations?

  • Concrete
  • Asphalt
  • Bitumen
  • PVC

Ans : Bitumen

Q9: What is the main function of a truss in structural engineering?

  • To provide lateral stability
  • To support roof loads
  • To resist vertical loads
  • To enhance aesthetics

Ans : To resist vertical loads

Q10: What is the purpose of a shear wall in a building structure?

  • To resist lateral loads such as wind or earthquake forces
  • To provide insulation
  • To enhance natural lighting
  • To support the roof

Ans : To resist lateral loads such as wind or earthquake forces

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